Also assimilation, of lesbians into conventional society. The presence that is visible of when you look at the technology industry plus in digitally mediated spaces raises a couple of questions regarding the partnership between queer identities and online technologies. This introduction to a unique problem of Journal of Lesbian Studies explores some of those concerns and offers a synopsis of this articles that follow.
The Lesbians whom Tech Summit drew women—most of those queer technology workers—to ny City during the early September 2017. Leanne Pittsford began Lesbians whom Tech in 2012 as a result to your not enough exposure of females, and particularly lesbians, into the technology industry. Lesbians whom Tech happens to be a 20,000-member company with chapters in over 40 towns across the world, which range from Boston to Melbourne, supplying networking and help. Pittsford, A white girl whom founded the corporation, makes certain that 50% of this Summit’s speakers are females of color, as well as the occasion emphasizes so it welcomes gender-non-conforming and trans females. In so doing, Lesbians whom Tech accomplishes a variety that lots of companies and seminars, from technology to academia, neglect to attain. Heralded as an antidote towards the overwhelming maleness, straightness, and Whiteness of many tech conferences, one author proclaimed: “You like to see intersectionality in training? Head to a Lesbians Who Tech Summit” (Rizzo, 2016 ).
But, the increase of a visibly lesbian technology company during the exact same governmental minute of increasing acceptance and assimilation for lesbians features a couple of questions regarding just how electronic news technologies are reshaping lesbian communities that few have actually wrestled with within the literature that is scholarly. Just what does the increase for the Internet that is popular mean lesbian identities and relationships? How exactly does the multiplicity of queer identities encapsulated within the codes of “butch and femme” have translated to online areas being predicated upon binaries of zeroes and people? Just how do Ebony lesbians negotiate the usually aggressive and aggressively White, male, heteronormative areas of massive, multiplayer games? How can the performative visual culture that is digital a narrative from lesbians about their intimate selves? How has dating changed for lesbians within the electronic age of algorithmic matchmaking? There are numerous more concerns become raised about lesbians and media that are digital, however these are simply a number of the concerns addressed right right right here.
This themed problem of Journal of Lesbian Studies centers around electronic media technologies and their effect on the resided and social experiences of lesbians, queer, and gender-non-conforming females.
The articles that follow originate from writers composing across lots of disciplines and in regards to a range that is wide of platforms. Every one talks up to a vector that is particular of identities and experience since they are mediated through electronic platforms.
Lesbians have actually recognized as butch and femme for longer than a century, however these identities refract through the lesbian community in complex means, more salient for a few compared to other people (Rothblum, 2010 ). Today, these identities are increasingly being articulated online in many different brand brand brand brand new means, which Faithe Day assumes on in “Between Butch/Femme: From the Efficiency of Race, Gender, and sex in a YouTube online Series. ” In this essay, Day examines two internet show, “Between Women” and “The Peculiar type, ” developed by as well as for queer ladies of color. She analyzes the performance of masculinity and femininity while the part of visibility/invisibility into the construction of a identity that is sexual. While femme queers are “hidden in plain sight, ” the gender performance of masculine-presenting ladies is complicated with types of hypervisibility. Day explores the methods by which a politics of recognition plays away within the representation of queer identification in electronic news.
Every week, an approximated 155 million individuals into the United States play online video gaming for at the very least three hours, and two-thirds of households possess a game console, rendering it a 13-billion-dollar industry.
The Microsoft game system Xbox is just about the popular (Lofgren, 2016 ). Xbox reside allows for real-time social relationship among players, plus in this massive, multiplayer community, an important quantity of individual identification is shared aesthetically (video), verbally (sound), and/or through non-verbal cues (avatar, gamertag, etc.). Kishonna Gray uses up the interplay of community and identity inside her article, “Gaming Out on line: Ebony Lesbian Identity Development and Community Building in Xbox Live. ” Through in-depth interviews with gamers, Gray discovers that Black lesbian gamers are susceptible to oppression that is daily, although not limited by, racism, sexism, heterosexism, and nativism. As a result of inequalities they encounter, they usually have segregated by themselves through the bigger video video gaming community and play through the electronic margins. This ghettoization reveals their lack of link with the bigger Xbox community, though it simultaneously solidifies their ties that are affective one another and to supportive allies inside the room. Gray assesses the truth of a Black gaming that is lesbian in just a platform that devalues their presence.